Wildlife and nature photography requires a huge amount of patience and perseverance, but if you can catch that perfect moment on film there is nothing perhaps as satisfying in the whole world.
After all, you cannot ask animals in the wild to pose for you and luck will also not always favor you. Challenging as it may be, expert wildlife photographers go by certain rules that they know will give them a greater chance of success. Some insights:
When you are out to shoot wildlife or even landscapes, you should avoid top lighting in favor of side lighting as it shows better detailing and also creates shadows that are more interesting.
This is the reason why shots were taken early in the morning or late in the afternoon are often more remarkable. Even backlighting that is normally avoided can be used to create spectacular effects.
With cameras becoming more sophisticated, many photographers tend to rely overly on the capabilities of the camera.
However, out in the wild, the lighting conditions and backgrounds can be extremely complex and you will need to make manual adjustments so that your photographs are not over or under exposed.
You need to keep on experimenting till you are able to instinctively gauge the exposure required in a particular situation because wildlife photography requires you to react quickly to changing environments.
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The shutter speed determines the extent of blurring of the subject and camera shake.
Therefore, when you are shooting fast moving animals or birds in flight, you will need to use a fast shutter speed.
However, it is possible to create some really dramatic photographs by deliberately slowing down the shutter speed to create a blurring of the subject; the trick again lies in extensive experimentation.
While advancements in camera technology have removed many of the usual pitfalls, composition, by and large, is one active ingredient that photographers universally employ to express their artistic talent.
Remember that unless you play around with the angle of the shot, all your photos will look the same; shots taken from a very low or high angle can produce very interesting and unusual results.
Depending on the opportunity, try experimenting with wide angle lenses for panoramic captures.
Resist the tendency to always place the subject in the middle of the frame, and focus on where you are placing the horizon line when shooting landscapes.
Use telephoto lenses to capture detail without having to move your position and risk scaring away the subject.
While all the tenets of photography applicable to other subjects remain valid and applicable to wildlife photography, the vital difference is that in shooting wild animals you are operating in an environment in which you have no control or influence.
The ability to make very quick decisions and understanding of how wild animals behave and react are often the difference between an awesome photo and an opportunity missed for life.
Bill Williams is the owner of one of the oldest and most popular Tadoba hotels. Bill has a well-deserved reputation for predicting tiger sightings.